Nariman Point and Bandra Kurla Complex (BKC) are Mumbai's major financial centres. [404] [126], The Samyukta Maharashtra movement to create a separate Maharashtra state including Bombay was at its height in the 1950s. [240], The Mumbai Monorail and Mumbai Metro have been built and are being extended in phases to relieve overcrowding on the existing network. Navi Mumbai is east of Thane Creek and Thane is north of Vasai Creek. [343], Mumbai has a zoo named Jijamata Udyaan (formerly Victoria Gardens), which also harbours a garden. [216], The 1960s saw the rise of regionalist politics in Bombay, with the formation of the Shiv Sena on 19 June 1966, out of a feeling of resentment about the relative marginalisation of the native Marathi people in Bombay. The government-funded institutions include the Jehangir Art Gallery and the National Gallery of Modern Art. [353] Essel World is a theme park and amusement centre situated close to Gorai Beach,[354] and includes Asia's largest theme water park, Water Kingdom. [9] Many of India's numerous conglomerates (including Larsen & Toubro, State Bank of India (SBI), Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC), Tata Group, Godrej and Reliance),[145] and five of the Fortune Global 500 companies are based in Mumbai. It, along with the Mumbai Suburban District, makes up the metropolis of Mumbai.The city area is called the "island city" or South Mumbai or Old Mumbai. For other uses, see, Interactive map outlining Greater Mumbai (Mumbai City District and Mumbai Suburban District). The Santacruz Electronic Export Processing Zone (SEEPZ) and the International Infotech Park (Navi Mumbai) offer excellent facilities to IT companies. [134] In August 1979, a sister township of New Bombay was founded by the City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO) across the Thane and Raigad districts to help the dispersal and control of Bombay's population. [224][225] A member of the legislative assembly (MLA) to the Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) is elected from each of the assembly constituencies. [321], The number of households in Mumbai is forecast to rise from 4.2 million in 2008 to 6.6 million in 2020. Bombay in the 19th century was characterised by economic and educational development. [395] The BARC operates CIRUS, a 40 MW nuclear research reactor at their facility in Trombay. [369] The 2000s saw a growth in Bollywood's popularity overseas. [174][175], Air pollution is a major issue in Mumbai. [334], Among minority languages of Maharashtra, Hindi is spoken by 57.78% of the population of suburban Mumbai, Urdu by 32.21% and Gujarati by 31.21%.[335]. It is also one of the world's top ten centres of commerce in terms of global financial flow,[30] generating 6.16% of India's GDP,[31] and accounting for 25% of industrial output, 70% of maritime trade in India (Mumbai Port Trust and JNPT),[32] and 70% of capital transactions to India's economy. [347][349] Public holidays specific to the city and the state include Maharashtra Day on 1 May, to celebrate the formation of Maharashtra state on 1 May 1960,[350][351] and Gudi Padwa which is the New Year's Day for Marathi people. [192] This is facilitated by the presence of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), the National Stock Exchange of India (NSE), and financial sector regulators such as the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). [90] Growing apprehensive of the power of the Mughal emperor Humayun, Sultan Bahadur Shah of Gujarat was obliged to sign the Treaty of Bassein with the Portuguese Empire on 23 December 1534. [232], Public transport systems in Mumbai include the Mumbai Suburban Railway, Monorail, Metro, Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (BEST) buses, black-and-yellow meter taxis, auto rickshaws and ferries. [191], Recent estimates of the economy of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region is estimated to $151 to $368 billion (PPP metro GDP) ranking it either the most or second-most productive metro area of India. [296] Power supply cables are underground, which reduces pilferage, thefts and other losses. [42][43] This name possibly originated as the Galician-Portuguese phrase bom baim, meaning "good little bay",[44] and Bombaim is still commonly used in Portuguese. The architecture of the city is a blend of Gothic Revival, Indo-Saracenic, Art Deco, and other contemporary styles. Mumbai has two international cricket grounds, the Wankhede Stadium and the Brabourne Stadium. On 11 May 1661, the marriage treaty of Charles II of England and Catherine of Braganza, daughter of King John IV of Portugal, placed the islands in possession of the English Empire, as part of Catherine's dowry to Charles. The two revenue districts of Mumbai come under the jurisdiction of a district collector. In the late 1960s, Nariman Point and Cuffe Parade were reclaimed and developed. On the West coast are former-textile mills being demolished and skyscrapers built on top. [360] Mumbai is home to Asia's oldest newspaper, Bombay Samachar, which has been published in Gujarati since 1822. [22][39] The Koli people originated in Kathiawar and Central Gujarat, and according to some sources they brought their goddess Mumba with them from Kathiawar (Gujarat), where she is still worshipped. With a population density of 44,500 people per sq km, Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, is the most crowded city in the world. [267] Mumbai has approximately 1,900 km (1,181 mi) of roads. Mumbai is comprised of two regions, which are Mumbai City and Mumbai Suburban. [48] After the English gained possession of the city in the 17th century, the Portuguese name was anglicised as Bombay. [218] The Congress had dominated the politics of Bombay from independence until the early 1980s, when the Shiv Sena won the 1985 Bombay Municipal Corporation elections. [80][81], King Bhimdev founded his kingdom in the region in the late 13th century and established his capital in Mahikawati (present day Mahim). [75] Some of the oldest edifices in the city built during this period are the Jogeshwari Caves (between 520 and 525),[76] Elephanta Caves (between the sixth to seventh century),[77] Walkeshwar Temple (10th century),[78][79] and Banganga Tank (12th century). Suburban railway and BEST bus services together accounted for about 88% of the passenger traffic in 2008. ", "Air quality in Mumbai three times worse than Delhi.". [352] Most of the beaches are unfit for swimming, except Girgaum Chowpatty and Juhu Beach. The sex ratio in 2011 was 838 females per 1,000 males in the island city, 857 in the suburbs, and 848 as a whole in Greater Mumbai, all numbers lower than the national average of 914 females per 1,000 males. [149] Of this, the island city spans 67.79 km2 (26 sq mi), while the suburban district spans 370 km2 (143 sq mi), together accounting for 437.71 km2 (169 sq mi) under the administration of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM). It was ranked 41 among the Top 50 Engineering Schools of the world by America's news broadcasting firm Business Insider in 2012 and was the only university in the list from the five emerging BRICS nations viz Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. With an area of 4355sq km Mumbai, ‘the city of dreams’ stands in first position in this list. [239] The Mumbai rail network is spread at an expanse of 319 route kilometres. [211], Mumbai is the seat of the Bombay High Court, which exercises jurisdiction over the states of Maharashtra and Goa, and the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. It is also home to some of India's premier scientific and nuclear institutes. Both GSM and CDMA services are available in the city. CIDCO was set up by Government of Maharashtra (GoM) as public limited company under Indian Companies Act and is wholly owned by the GoM. Lands/Plots for sale near mulund mhada colony Mumbai: This plot is situated in Bhiwandi, Mumbai. [214] The first session of the Indian National Congress was held in Bombay from 28–31 December 1885. [358] Popular Marathi language magazines are Saptahik Sakaal, Grihashobhika, Lokrajya, Lokprabha & Chitralekha. [272], The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport (formerly Sahar International Airport) is the main aviation hub in the city and the second busiest airport in India in terms of passenger traffic. [190] Although Mumbai had prominently figured as the hub of economic activity of India in the 1990s, the Mumbai Metropolitan Region is presently witnessing a reduction in its contribution to India's GDP. The Bene Israeli Jewish community of Bombay, who migrated from the Konkan villages, south of Bombay, are believed to be the descendants of the Jews of Israel who were shipwrecked off the Konkan coast, probably in the year 175 BCE, during the reign of the Greek ruler, Antiochus IV Epiphanes. The territories were later surrendered on 25 October 1535. [241] The first line of the Mumbai Metro opened in early June 2014. The number of households with annual incomes of 2 million rupees will increase from 4% to 10% by 2020, amounting to 660,000 families. Louis. Ambarnath, Kulgaon-Badalapur, Matheran, Karjat, Khopoli, Pen, Uran, Alibaug and Palghar, along with more than 1,000 … How the city got renamed", "From Bombay to Mumbai: 24 ways the city has changed", "Fruit And Nut: Another 'Bombay' controversy brewing? On 1 October 1990, the Greater Bombay district was bifurcated to form two revenue districts namely, Bombay City and Bombay Suburban, though they continued to be administered by same Municipal Administration. [148] The city district region is also commonly referred to as the Island City or South Mumbai. [366] Mumbai also has access to Commercial radio providers such as Sirius. [400] The biggest cricketing event to be staged in the city so far is the final of the 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup which was played at the Wankhede Stadium. By the middle of the 17th century the growing power of the Dutch Empire forced the English to acquire a station in western India. A proven natural barrier against high tides, cyclonic winds and coastal erosion, their environs also represent unused potential for the development of … Mumbai has three UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, the Elephanta Caves and the Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble. Mumbai lies at the mouth of the Ulhas River on the western coast of India, in the coastal region known as the Konkan. [162] The underlying rock of the region is composed of black Deccan basalt flows, and their acidic and basic variants dating back to the late Cretaceous and early Eocene eras. [51], By the late 20th century, the city was referred to as Mumbai or Mambai in Marathi, Konkani, Gujarati, Kannada and Sindhi, and as Bambai in Hindi. In the newer suburbs, modern buildings dominate the landscape. The first cricket test match in India was played in Mumbai at the Bombay Gymkhana. [27][117] On 16 April 1853, India's first passenger railway line was established, connecting Bombay to the neighbouring town of Thana (now Thane). 150. In the 2017 Premier Badminton League (also known as Vodafone PBL 2017 for sponsorship reasons) the Mumbai Rockets[411] beat the Hyderabad Hunters 3–1 to proceed to the final. Within a KM. The metropolis is also the hub of many international media corporations, with many news channels and print publications having a major presence. [110] Mumbai City (1) Mumbai Island City District only 68.71 26.53 Mumbai Suburbs and Extended Suburbs (2) Mumbai Suburban District only 369.00 142.47 Greater Mumbai (Under MCGM) (1) + (2) Mumbai City and Mumbai Suburban Districts Greater Mumbai extends from Colaba in the [273] It handled 36.6 million passengers and 694,300 tonnes of cargo during FY 2014–2015. Mumbai City district is situated in Maharashtra state. [375], Under the 10+2+3/4 plan, students complete ten years of schooling and then enrol for two years in junior college, where they select one of three streams: arts, commerce, or science. Proudly referred as the financial and commercial capital of India, Mumbai houses numerous financial institutions, multinational corporations, scientific and nuclear institutes and cultural organizations. Spread over 371.37 sq km, the new city is designed to serve a population of 20 lakh. Of this, the island city spans 67.79 km 2 (26 sq mi), while the suburban district spans 370 km 2 (143 sq mi), together accounting for 437.71 km 2 (169 sq mi) under the administration of Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC). Slumdog Millionaire an English language British film was shot entirely in Mumbai which has garnered 8 Oscar awards. [98], In accordance with the Royal Charter of 27 March 1668, England leased these islands to the English East India Company in 1668 for a sum of £10 per annum. [266] The three major road arteries of the city are the Eastern Express Highway from Sion to Thane, the Sion Panvel Expressway from Sion to Panvel and the Western Express Highway from Bandra to Dahisar. The Mumbai Police is a division of the Maharashtra Police, under the state Home Ministry. In the suburbs, the daily mean maximum temperature range from 29 °C (84 °F) to 33 °C (91 °F), while the daily mean minimum temperature ranges from 16 °C (61 °F) to 26 °C (79 °F). Spread over 307,713 km 2 (118,809 sq mi), it is the third-largest state by area in India. [187], Mumbai is India's largest city (by population) and is the financial and commercial capital of the country as it generates 6.16% of the total GDP. India Finance", "It's not so bad as we thought: Mumbai shows improvement on human development index | Mumbai News - Times of India", National Commissioner Linguistic Minorities 50th report, page 131, "Evolution of the Corporation, Historical Milestones", "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above", "Thirty of India's 68 billionaires live in Mumbai", "With 68 billionaires, India ranks 7th globally; Mumbai leads in India with 30", "New millionaires hope to serve as role models for India's lower castes", "10 worst oil spills that cost trillions in losses : Rediff.com Business", "Development of Mumbai International Airport (NMIA)", "Poonam Mahajan explains why Mumbai is at the very heart of India story", "World's Richest Cities: The Top 10 Cities Billionaires Call Home", "Richest Cities In The World: The Top 10 Cities With The Most Billionaires", "Why Did Bombay Become Mumbai? [292] Almost all of Mumbai's daily refuse of 7,800 metric tonnes, of which 40 metric tonnes is plastic waste,[293] is transported to dumping grounds in Gorai in the northwest, Mulund in the northeast, and to the Deonar dumping ground in the east. [191] Despite competition from Bangalore, Hyderabad and Pune, Mumbai has carved a niche for itself in the information technology industry. [359] Popular English language newspapers published and sold in Mumbai include The Times of India, Mid-day, Hindustan Times, DNA India, and The Indian Express. [263] The Mumbai–Chennai and Mumbai–Delhi prongs of the Golden Quadrilateral system of National Highways start from the city. [120] In September 1896, Bombay was hit by a bubonic plague epidemic where the death toll was estimated at 1,900 people per week. Bombay Citizens' Committee, an advocacy group of leading Gujarati industrialists lobbied for Bombay's independent status. [388] In April 2015, IIT Bombay launched the first U.S.-India joint EMBA program alongside Washington University in St. It extends from Colaba in the south to Mahim and Sion in the north. [152] Many parts of the city lie just above sea level, with elevations ranging from 10 m (33 ft) to 15 m (49 ft);[153] the city has an average elevation of 14 m (46 ft). Greater Mumbai, Thane, Kalyan-Dombivali, Navi Mumbai, Ulhasnagar, Bhiwandi- Nizamapur, Vasai-Virar, Mira-Bhayandar and Panvel; and 9 Municipal Councils viz. [417], Regional and Professional Sports Teams from Mumbai, Former Regional and Professional Sports Teams from Mumbai, "Bombay" redirects here. Due to a shortage of grounds, various modified versions (generally referred to as gully cricket) are played everywhere. Many of them live in close proximity to bus or train stations although suburban residents spend significant time travelling southward to the main commercial district. [151] Mumbai is bounded by the Arabian Sea to the west. [228][229][230] In the 2012 municipal corporation elections, out of the 227 seats, the Shiv Sena-BJP alliance secured 107 seats, holding power with the support of independent candidates in the MCGM, while the Congress-NCP alliance bagged 64 seats. The commissioner is appointed for a fixed term as defined by state statute. [281] It handles 55–60% of the country's total containerised cargo. This led filmmaking to new heights in terms of quality, cinematography and innovative story lines as well as technical advances such as special effects and animation. ", "3 Mumbaikars Who Are Changing The City All By Themselves", "What about Gateway of India, Banganga Tank? 303 Sqft. Tulsi Lake and Vihar Lake are located in Borivili National Park, within the city's limits. [84][85], The islands were later governed by the independent Gujarat Sultanate, which was established in 1407. [306] There are also a few Indo-Saracenic styled buildings such as the Gateway of India. BMC starts to find solution", "Three drown as heavy rain lashes Mumbai for the 3rd day", "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)", "Station: Mumbai (Colaba) Climatological Table 1981–2010", "Table 3 Monthly mean duration of Sun Shine (hours) at different locations in India", "Normals Data: Bombay/Colaba - India Latitude: 18.90°N Longitude: 72.82°E Height: 9 (m)", "Air pollution killed 81,000 in Delhi & Mumbai, cost Rs 70,000 crore in 2015. [330] Parsis migrated to India from Greater Iran following the Muslim conquest of Persia in the seventh century. Government agencies such as the Town Planner and Collector of Thane have had challenges in addressing unorganised development. [164] The area is classified as a Seismic Zone III region,[165] which means an earthquake of up to magnitude 6.5 on the Richter magnitude scale may be expected. 3.95 cr. [384] [413] In March 2004, the Mumbai Grand Prix was part of the F1 powerboat world championship,[414] and the Force India F1 team car was unveiled in the city, in 2008. New York, among the worst hit city, has 8.9 million people in an area of 783 sq km. [40][41] In 1508, Portuguese writer Gaspar Correia used the name "Bombaim" in his Lendas da Índia ("Legends of India"). Film City Road, Jai Bhim Nagar, My Kitchen Hub. Football is another popular sport in the city, with the FIFA World Cup and the English Premier League being followed widely. The port and shipping industry is well established, with Mumbai Port being one of the oldest and most significant ports in India. Mangrove cover in Mumbai city and suburban areas was not studied. [160] The eastern coast of Salsette Island is covered with large mangrove swamps, rich in biodiversity, while the western coast is mostly sandy and rocky. km. Long-distance trains originate from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Dadar, Lokmanya Tilak Terminus, Mumbai Central, Bandra Terminus, Andheri and Borivali. [24], The oldest known names for the city are Kakamuchee and Galajunkja; these are sometimes still used. If approved, the track will be clubbed with a theme park and will spread over an area of some 160 to 200 ha (400 to 500 acres). Mumbai's culture is a blend of traditional festivals, food, music, and theatres. [316] Dharavi, Asia's second largest slum (if Karachi's Orangi Town is counted as a single slum)[317] is located in central Mumbai and houses between 800,000 and one million people[318] in 2.39 square kilometres (0.92 sq mi), making it one of the most densely populated areas on Earth[319] with a population density of at least 334,728 persons per square kilometre. U Mumba is the team representing Mumbai in the country's professional Kabaddi league, Pro Kabaddi. [97] However, Salsette, Bassein, Mazagaon, Parel, Worli, Sion, Dharavi, and Wadala still remained under Portuguese possession. [16] Mumbai is the third most expensive office market in the world, and was ranked among the fastest cities in the country for business startup in 2009. It was ranked 10th among the top Universities of India by QS in 2013. [53] This came at the insistence of the Marathi nationalist Shiv Sena party, which had just won the Maharashtra state elections, and mirrored similar name changes across the country and particularly in Maharashtra. [340][341], Contemporary art is featured in both government-funded art spaces and private commercial galleries. km. 400 Sqft. [7] Greater Mumbai, the area under the administration of the MCGM, has a literacy rate of 94.7%, higher than the national average of 86.7%. Mumbai is a hub of Indian film making. Mumbai City district administers 157 square kilometers of areas. [205] The mayor, who serves for a term of two and a half years, is chosen through an indirect election by the councillors from among themselves. [108] Towards the end of the 17th century, the islands again suffered incursions from Yakut Khan in 1689–90. [258] Though 88% of the city's commuters travel by public transport, Mumbai still continues to struggle with traffic congestion. It varies between a dry period extending from October to May and a wet period peaking in June. With the addition of a 14.96- sq-km patch of lush mangrove, the city’s total area is now 473.28 sq km. [332], Mumbai has a large polyglot population like all other metropolitan cities of India. [381] Moreover, the University of Mumbai was ranked 5th in the list of best universities in India by India Today in 2013[382] and ranked at 62 in the QS BRICS University rankings for 2013, a ranking of leading universities in the five BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). [362], Numerous Indian and international television channels can be watched in Mumbai through one of the Pay TV companies or the local cable television provider. ", "51st REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA", "Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya", "Sahitya Akademi: awards and fellowships", "Bandra's spirit captured in cakes, tattoos", "MTDC will not pull out of Elephanta, Banganga fests", "The Times of India turns the Times of Colour", "IRS Q2, 2010: Negligible decline of daily readers in Greater Mumbai", "IRS Q2 2010: Publications in Maharashtra see some light", "Public life and voluntary social service organisations", "Bollywood Trawls London for Talent as Students Balk at Banking", "Bollywood filmmakers experimenting with new genre of films", "Mumbai's Film City may be home to world cinema", "Education board tells schools to get state recognition", "mumbai university: Latest News, Videos and mumbai university Photos | Times of India", "Are you cut out for Arts, Science or Commerce? The Mumbai Nashik Expressway, Mumbai-Vadodara Expressway,[265] are under construction. In the most recent survey result of 2011, the country's total area stands at 32,87,261.713 sq km. Find Out [159] The coastline of the city is indented with numerous creeks and bays, stretching from the Thane creek on the Most of the buildings during the British period, such as the Victoria Terminus and Bombay University, were built in Gothic Revival style. According to the 2011 census, the population of Mumbai city was 12,479,608. [180][181][182] According to the 2016 World Health Organization Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database,[183] the annual average PM2.5 concentration in 2013 was 63 μg/m3, which is 6.3 times higher than that recommended by the WHO Air Quality Guidelines[184] for the annual mean PM2.5. Schools in Mumbai are either "municipal schools" (run by the MCGM) or private schools (run by trusts or individuals), which in some cases receive financial aid from the government. A colloquial form of Hindi, known as Bambaiya – a blend of Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Konkani, Urdu, Indian English and some invented words – is spoken on the streets. Satellite television (DTH) has yet to gain mass acceptance, due to high installation costs. Several other Indian language films such as Bengali, Bhojpuri, Gujarati, Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu are also occasionally shot in Mumbai. Marathi literature has been modernised in the works of Mumbai-based authors such as Mohan Apte, Anant Kanekar, and Gangadhar Gadgil, and is promoted through an annual Sahitya Akademi Award, a literary honour bestowed by India's National Academy of Letters. Environment ministry declares 250 sq km area around Radhanagri wildlife sanctuary as eco-sensitive zone Notified as a wildlife sanctuary in 1985, RWS is home to 264 bird species (migratory and resident), 47 species of mammals, 59 species of reptiles, 20 species of … [27] Along with construction of major roads and railways, the reclamation project, completed in 1845, transformed Bombay into a major seaport on the Arabian Sea. Mumbai is the birthplace of Indian cinema[336]—Dadasaheb Phalke laid the foundations with silent movies followed by Marathi talkies—and the oldest film broadcast took place in the early 20th century. Mumbai is the financial, commercial,[29] and the entertainment capital of India. km of land area) - India from The World Bank: Data Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus). Mumbai’s Sanjay Gandhi National Park, an 82 sq km area, is a massive green cover and functioning lungs of the city, which is being suffocated due to encroachment and other construction activities. Residents of Mumbai call themselves Mumbaikar,[61] Mumbaiite,[315] Bombayite or Bombaiite. According to the United Nations, as of 2018, Mumbai is the second-most populous city in the country after Delhi and the seventh-most populous city in the world with a population of roughly 20 million. [45] In 1516, Portuguese explorer Duarte Barbosa used the name Tana-Maiambu: Tana appears to refer to the adjoining town of Thane and Maiambu to Mumbadevi. [128], Following protests during the movement in which 105 people lost their lives in clashes with the police, Bombay State was reorganised on linguistic lines on 1 May 1960. [305] Their architectural features include a variety of European influences such as German gables, Dutch roofs, Swiss timbering, Romance arches, Tudor casements, and traditional Indian features. [171] The record high is 42.2 °C (108 °F) set on 14 April 1952,[174] and the record low is 7.4 °C (45 °F) set on 27 January 1962. [331] The oldest Muslim communities in Mumbai include the Dawoodi Bohras, Ismaili Khojas, and Konkani Muslims. 191 rakes (train-sets) of 9 car and 12 car composition are utilised to run a total of 2,226 train services in the city. harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFHansen2001 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFPhadnis (, the city's distinctive ensemble of Victorian and Art Deco buildings, History of Bombay under Portuguese rule (1534–1661), Bombay Metropolitan Region Development Authority, City and Industrial Development Corporation, Consulate General of the United States, Mumbai, most or second-most productive metro area, Santacruz Electronic Export Processing Zone, Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority, Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport, Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya, Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation, List of educational institutions in Mumbai § Schools, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, International General Certificate of Secondary Education, Sir Jamshedjee Jeejeebhoy Group of Hospitals, National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies, Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, S P Jain Institute of Management and Research, List of twin towns and sister cities in India, "This weekend, go on a trail across Mumbai | Mumbai News - Times of India", "Kishori Pednekar's journey: From nursing Shiv Sena's image in BMC to mayoral office", "Mumbai Mayor: Shiv Sena's Kishori Pednekar named Mumbai mayor | Mumbai News - Times of India", "Maharashtra (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts", "INDIA STATS : Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011", "India's top 15 cities with the highest GDP Photos Yahoo! Located on Maharashtra’s coast, Mumbai is India’s most-populous city, and it is one of the largest and most densely populated urban areas in [221], In the Indian national elections held every five years, Mumbai is represented by six parliamentary constituencies: North, North West, North East, North Central, South Central, and South. Of course! [276], The proposed Navi Mumbai International airport to be built in the Kopra-Panvel area has been sanctioned by the Indian Government and will help relieve the increasing traffic burden on the existing airport. The total area of Mumbai is 603.4 km 2 (233 sq mi). School of Art is Mumbai's oldest art institution. [20][21], The seven islands that constitute Mumbai were originally home to communities of Marathi language speaking Koli people. km to 86.23 sq. Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database. [52] The Government of India officially changed the English name to Mumbai in November 1995. [320], The number of migrants to Mumbai from outside Maharashtra during the 1991–2001 decade was 1.12 million, which amounted to 54.8% of the net addition to the population of Mumbai. ", "Taxi, auto fares may dip due to CNG usage", "Overview of existing Mumbai suburban railway", "Mumbai monorail to be inaugurated on Saturday", "Maharashtra CM Prithivraj Chavan flags off Mumbai Metro", Executive Summary on Comprehensive Transportation Study for MMR, "Terminal Facilities in Metropolitanc Cities", "BEST buses, the new killer on the prowl? Stronghold and birthplace of the Bahmani Sultanate attempted to conquer the islands administered... Expressway, [ 286 ] which is Asia 's largest water filtration plant Hospitals KEM... Size of several states has changed population as per the 2011 census 12,442,373! Water transport in Mumbai which has been published in Gujarati since 1822 of Pro Kabaddi [ 119 ], transport. 151 ] Mumbai 's suburban rail systems carried a total of 6.3 million passengers every day 2007! And controlled it until 1407 that constitute Mumbai were originally home to communities of Marathi language Koli! And wireless internet access in Mumbai [ 356 ], the population density, with many news and! Of 3.3. [ 407 ] [ 37 ] the total area of mangrove forests fell from sq. The foundation and growth of their Roman Catholic religious orders in Bombay from 28–31 December 1885 numerous tourist attractions Mumbai! 26 May 1989, is the chief executive officer and head of the mayor, and other losses acceptance due... Dominate the landscape Navi Mumbai is home to 20,748,395 people by 2011 of dreams ’ stands first... First position in this list Race on Earth '' in 1 sq vested in 17th... Rainfall ever recorded was 3,452 mm ( 136 in ) on 26 July 2005 form... Is comprised of two distinct regions: Mumbai city district, which garnered... Capital of India and has evolved into a global financial hub shipping industry is well established with... Few Indo-Saracenic styled buildings such as the Town Planner and collector of Thane Creek and is! In Delhi. `` FY 2014–2015 terrestrial channels, while three main cable networks serve most.! 1955 report subsequently, the years from 1990 to 2010 saw an increase in violence and activities... Km away executive officer and head of all attacks by native powers 24 However! City have been planned throughout Mumbai Town development Authority ( MMRDA ) is for... Development as a result of Rapid urbanisation also estimated to be the financial capital of by. Tulsi Lake and Vihar Lake are located in Borivili National Park, within the city is a blend Bombay. And Sydenham College, respectively the oldest known names for the Indian independence movement modern! And municipal commissioner is appointed for a fixed term as defined by state statute state and Central employees. Were subsequently scrapped due to high installation costs 10 ] the first newspaper... Killed and over 700 injured when seven bombs exploded on the Konkan coast on the Arabian Sea, and! In colour, based originally on the west buses of London as capital. Indian Police Service ( IPS ) officer appointed by the Corporation or the standing Committee known as the city. Was characterised by economic and educational development the entertainment capital of Bombay is one of the Indian subcontinent the. `` What about Gateway of India and has a deep natural harbour again suffered incursions Yakut... [ 36 ] [ 175 ], Flooding during monsoon is a major problem for Mumbai for... Statute and those delegated by the area of Mumbai, ‘ the city limits, is used only agricultural... Name to Mumbai include Dish TV and Tata Sky and September, the Mumbai Leg of Pro Kabaddi 's district... It consists of ferries, hovercraft and catamarans of Maharashtra state, southwestern India internationally Booker. Are underground, which are Mumbai 's business opportunities attract migrants from over. 206 ], Air pollution is a blend of traditional festivals,,... Bkc ) are Mumbai city district, which has seen increased popularity in recent years Mumbai... Organised development this makes Mumbai a second most populated city in the vicinity lands/plots for sale near mhada... Worse than Delhi. `` century, the English east India Company its! Growth in Bollywood 's popularity overseas IAS ) officer appointed by the area Mumbai..., Banganga Tank was 944 mm ( 136 in ) for Navi.. Maharashtra movement to create a separate Maharashtra state assembly elections held every years. ( MMRDA ) is mumbai city area in sq km major issue in Mumbai is bounded by the area of km! Asia with a population of Mumbai Railway zones of the city 's workforce seismically active zone owing the. Sion in the north tourist attractions in Mumbai fault lines in the foundation and growth of their Catholic... Best bus services together accounted for about 88 % of the Premier [ 380 ] universities in India are at. Due to high installation costs rise from 4.2 million in 2020 ] universities in India incorporated into state! Bridge, along with Mahim Causeway, links the island city to the west coast are former-textile mills being and...

mumbai city area in sq km 2021